Authored by Craig Richer via The Ritz Herald

Privacy coins, also known as privacy-focused cryptocurrencies, are a specific category of digital currencies designed to prioritize and enhance the privacy and anonymity of users’ transactions. Unlike traditional cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin or Ethereum, which operate on transparent blockchains where transaction details are publicly visible, privacy coins aim to provide increased confidentiality and untraceability.

Privacy coins achieve their privacy features through various mechanisms, including advanced cryptographic techniques, zero-knowledge proofs, ring signatures, stealth addresses, or transaction mixing. These techniques obscure the sender’s and receiver’s identities, mask transaction amounts, and make it difficult to trace the flow of funds. Privacy-enhancing technology can be implemented in a by-default or by-option implementation.

The primary goal of privacy coins is to protect sensitive financial information and preserve the privacy of users’ transactions. By utilizing strong privacy measures, privacy coins aim to prevent third parties from linking transactions to specific individuals or tracking their financial activities. This heightened privacy can be particularly important for users who value confidentiality, wish to protect their financial information from surveillance, or want to ensure fungibility—where all units of a currency are considered equal and interchangeable.

Private-by-default cryptocurrencies are often considered better than optional privacy cryptocurrencies for several reasons:

  1. Enhanced Privacy Protection: Private-by-default cryptocurrencies prioritize user privacy from the ground up. Every transaction is automatically designed to be private and untraceable, providing a higher level of privacy protection compared to optional privacy cryptocurrencies, where users have to actively opt-in to enable privacy features. With private-by-default cryptocurrencies, users can enjoy stronger anonymity and confidentiality without relying on additional user actions or settings.
  2. User Convenience: Optional privacy cryptocurrencies require users to manually enable privacy features for each transaction, which can be cumbersome and may result in human error or forgetfulness. In contrast, private-by-default cryptocurrencies eliminate the need for users to constantly toggle privacy settings, simplifying the user experience and ensuring consistent privacy across all transactions.
  3. Default Protection Against Surveillance: With private-by-default cryptocurrencies, users are automatically shielded from surveillance and transaction monitoring by default. This protection is particularly crucial in environments where privacy is highly valued or in regions with strict regulations or potential privacy infringements. Optional privacy cryptocurrencies may leave users vulnerable if they forget to activate privacy features or if they are unaware of the potential risks.
  4. Avoiding Privacy Discrimination: Optional privacy cryptocurrencies can inadvertently flag users who enable privacy features as potential wrongdoers, attracting unwanted attention from regulators, authorities, or even the public. Private-by-default cryptocurrencies treat privacy as a fundamental right, ensuring that all users are equally protected without singling out individuals who prioritize their privacy.
  5. Future-Proofing Privacy: By making privacy the default setting, private-by-default cryptocurrencies anticipate potential future developments where privacy could become even more essential. They ensure that users are prepared for evolving privacy challenges and regulatory landscapes. Optional privacy cryptocurrencies may face increasing scrutiny or potential restrictions as privacy concerns gain prominence, while private-by-default cryptocurrencies offer a more resilient solution.

While optional privacy cryptocurrencies still provide privacy options for those who require flexibility or transparency for certain transactions, private-by-default cryptocurrencies offer a stronger, more consistent, and future-proof approach to protecting user privacy in the world of digital currencies.

4 private-by-default cryptocurrencies to pay close attention to going forward are:

  1. Monero (XMR): Monero is one of the most well-known and widely adopted private-by-default cryptocurrencies. It utilizes various privacy features, such as ring signatures, stealth addresses, and confidential transactions, to ensure the anonymity and untraceability of transactions. Monero (XMR) uses the mining algorithm RandomX which is designed to be ASIC-resistant and promote mining with general-purpose CPUs. At the time of writing this article, Monero is priced at $160.29 with a market cap of $2,908,479,628.
  2. Pirate Chain (ARRR): Pirate Chain is a privacy coin that emphasizes enhanced privacy and security. It is built on the technology of the Komodo platform and utilizes zk-SNARKs (zero-knowledge succinct non-interactive arguments of knowledge) to provide shielded transactions. Pirate Chain currently has the highest anonymity set of all privacy coins. In addition to private transactions, Pirate Chain offers encrypted messaging functionality. Users can communicate securely with each other, maintaining privacy not only in financial transactions but also in their communications. At the time of writing this article, Pirate Chain is priced at $0.183 with a market cap of $35,974,811.
  3. Conceal Network (CCX): Conceal Network is a private-by-default cryptocurrency that focuses on privacy and data protection. It utilizes a combination of ring signatures, stealth addresses, and encrypted messaging to provide users with confidential and untraceable transactions. Conceal Network aims to create a privacy-focused ecosystem where users can securely and privately transact, communicate, and store data. It also offers features like staking and masternodes to incentivize participation in the network. Conceal Network features an GPU-mineable algorithm resistant to Asics, FPGA, and Botnets (Cryptonight-GPU), allowing for increased decentralization. At the time of writing this article, Conceal Network is priced at $0.046 with a market cap of $968,590.
  4. Ryo Currency (RYO): Ryo Currency is a privacy-focused cryptocurrency that incorporates features from Monero and incorporates its own unique technologies. It utilizes ring signatures, stealth addresses, and one-time addresses to enhance transaction privacy. Ryo Currency aims to transition to second-generation zero-knowledge proofs which will provide a cutting-edge level of privacy and scalability to the Ryo blockchain. As in Conceal Network, Ryo Currency also employs the Cryptonight-GPU mining algorithm allowing for increased decentralization via resistance to Asics, FPGA, and Botnets. At the time of writing this article, Ryo Currency is priced at $0.014 with a market cap of $667,358.

Overall, these private-by-default cryptocurrencies, including Monero, Pirate Chain, Conceal Network, and Ryo Currency, share the common objective of prioritizing user privacy and anonymity. They employ various cryptographic techniques and technologies to ensure that transactions are untraceable and provide users with greater control over their financial privacy.

Authored by Michael Bentley vis The RItz Herald


As our world rapidly moves towards a cashless society associated with a likely transition to Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDCs), concerns about financial privacy and security are at an all-time high. This shift has led to a growing interest in privacy coins, cryptocurrencies designed to ensure transactional anonymity and protect the sensitive financial information of individuals. In this article, we will explore why privacy coins are poised to become highly sought after in the forthcoming cashless society. Furthermore, we will delve into why Ryo Currency, with its transition to second-generation Halo 2 zero-knowledge proofs, is positioned to emerge as the leading privacy coin.

The Rise of Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDCs) and a Cashless Society

The world is indeed experiencing a gradual shift towards a cashless society, where digital transactions are becoming the norm and physical currency is being used less frequently. This shift is driven by advancements in technology, increasing digital connectivity, and the growing convenience and efficiency offered by digital payment methods.

As part of this shift, central banks around the world are exploring the implementation of Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDCs). CBDCs are digital representations of a country’s fiat currency issued and regulated by the central bank. These digital currencies aim to provide a secure and efficient medium of exchange while leveraging the benefits of emerging technologies.

The implementation of CBDCs involves a centralized authority, typically the central bank, issuing and overseeing the digital currency. CBDCs can take different forms, such as wholesale CBDCs that are restricted to financial institutions for interbank settlements or retail CBDCs that are directly accessible to individuals and businesses for day-to-day transactions.

While CBDCs offer several potential benefits, such as faster transactions, increased financial inclusion, and reduced costs, there are also privacy concerns associated with their implementation. Here are some of the key privacy concerns:

  1. Transactional Privacy: CBDCs, being digital in nature, create a trail of transactional data that can be linked to individuals. This data may contain sensitive information about individuals’ financial activities, leading to concerns about surveillance and the potential misuse of personal information.
  2. Centralized Control: As CBDCs are typically issued and regulated by central banks, there is a concentration of control and authority. This centralized control raises concerns about the potential for governments or central banks to monitor and track individuals’ financial transactions, compromising privacy and autonomy.
  3. Financial Surveillance: CBDCs can enable authorities to monitor and track financial transactions more easily compared to traditional cash transactions. This heightened surveillance raises concerns about the potential for government intrusion into individuals’ financial lives and the potential abuse of this information.
  4. Data Security: The digitization of currency introduces risks associated with data security and cyber threats. Safeguarding the personal and financial information associated with CBDC transactions becomes crucial to protect individuals’ privacy and prevent unauthorized access or misuse of data.

The Need for Privacy Coins

Privacy coins like Ryo Currency provide an essential counterbalance to CBDCs by offering enhanced privacy features. While CBDCs may offer certain advantages, their centralized nature raises concerns about surveillance and the potential for government monitoring of individuals’ financial activities. Privacy coins empower individuals by providing a decentralized, peer-to-peer alternative that prioritizes transactional anonymity and financial privacy.

Privacy and Security Advantages

Privacy coins offer several key advantages in the context of a cashless society:

  1. Anonymity: Privacy coins obscure the transactional details, ensuring that individuals’ financial activities remain private. This anonymity prevents third parties, including corporations, governments, and hackers, from tracking and exploiting sensitive financial information.
  2. Data Protection: With privacy coins, personal financial data is safeguarded against unauthorized access or misuse. By leveraging strong encryption techniques, privacy coins prioritize data security, reducing the risks of identity theft and fraud.
  3. Empowerment and Autonomy: Privacy coins empower individuals by giving them full control over their financial information. Users can transact freely without fear of judgment or discrimination based on their spending habits.
  4. Anti-Censorship: Privacy coins challenge the potential for financial censorship. In some regions, governments have imposed restrictions on individuals’ financial transactions, limiting their economic freedom. Privacy coins enable individuals to transact without interference or censorship, ensuring financial inclusivity and freedom.

Ryo Currency: Leading the Privacy Coin Revolution

Among the privacy coins, Ryo Currency stands out as a potential leader in the space. Ryo Currency is a community-driven cryptocurrency that focuses on privacy, security, and fungibility. Here are some reasons why Ryo Currency is positioned to become a dominant force in the forthcoming cashless society:

  1. Advanced Privacy Features: Ryo Currency utilizes advanced privacy protocols, including the CryptoNote algorithm, RingCT, Bulletproofs, and now second-generation Halo 2 zero-knowledge proofs, to ensure robust privacy for its users. The transition to Halo 2 zero-knowledge proofs represents a significant leap in privacy technology, providing even stronger guarantees of confidentiality and transactional accuracy.
  2. Strong Development Team and Community: Ryo Currency benefits from a dedicated development team and an active community. The team consistently works on enhancing privacy features, improving scalability, and expanding the coin’s adoption. The Ryo Currency team created the mining software XMR-STAK, the CN-Heavy, CN-Conceal, and Cryptonight-GPU mining algorithms. The lead developer Fireice_uk has contributed to the development of Monero, Z cash, Haven Protocol and Conceal Network and is renowned in privacy communities for breaking the privacy of Monero. The vibrant community supports the project, fostering growth and innovation.
  3. Commitment to Fungibility: Fungibility, the ability for each unit of a currency to be interchangeable, is crucial for privacy coins. Ryo Currency is designed with a focus on ensuring high fungibility, meaning that each coin is indistinguishable from another. This characteristic ensures that all coins have equal value and cannot be tainted by previous transactions, further enhancing privacy and usability.
  4. Ecosystem Expansion: Ryo Currency has made significant strides in expanding its ecosystem. It has integrated with various wallets, exchanges, and payment processors to facilitate seamless adoption and usability. Such partnerships increase the accessibility and liquidity of Ryo Currency, positioning it as a user-friendly privacy coin.
  5. Decentralization: Ryo Currency uses the most cutting-edge mining algorithm Cryptonight-GPU which offers the highest level of decentralization in cryptocurrency mining due to its resistance to specialized mining hardware, such as ASICs (Application-Specific Integrated Circuits). Unlike other mining algorithms that can be dominated by powerful ASIC miners, Cryptonight-GPU is specifically designed to be GPU (Graphics Processing Unit) friendly, allowing a broader range of participants to engage in mining activities using consumer-grade hardware. This characteristic promotes a more decentralized mining ecosystem, as it ensures that mining power is distributed among a larger number of individual miners rather than being concentrated in the hands of a few large mining operations. The accessibility and affordability of GPUs make Cryptonight-GPU a more inclusive and decentralized mining algorithm, enabling a wider community to participate and contribute to the security and stability of the cryptocurrency network.

By-Default Implementation: Offering Seamless Privacy

In addition to transitioning to second-generation Halo 2 zero-knowledge proofs, Ryo Currency will implement them in a by-default manner. This means that privacy features will be integrated into the core protocol, making privacy the default setting for transactions. By default, users will enjoy maximum privacy without the need for additional configuration or technical expertise. This by-default implementation streamlines the user experience and ensures that privacy is accessible to all users, regardless of their technical knowledge.


As we approach a cashless society with the likely implementation of Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDCs), the demand for privacy coins will surge, driven by the need for financial privacy, security, and autonomy. Privacy coins offer crucial advantages, including anonymity, data protection, empowerment, and resistance against censorship. Among the privacy coins, Ryo Currency emerges as a strong contender for leadership, with its advanced privacy features, commitment to fungibility, expanding ecosystem, decentralization, and the transition to second-generation Halo 2 zero-knowledge proofs. With the by-default implementation approach, Ryo Currency ensures seamless privacy for all users. As individuals become more aware of the importance of privacy in the digital age, Ryo Currency is positioned to play a pivotal role in shaping the future of private and secure transactions in the cashless society.